Faculty Publications and Research
Buddhism & Political Theory
New York: University Press, 2016
Despite the recent upsurge of interest in comparative political theory, there has been virtually no serious examination of Buddhism by political philosophers in the past five decades. In part, this is because Buddhism is not typically seen as a school of political thought.
However, as Matthew Moore argues, Buddhism simultaneously parallels and challenges many core assumptions and arguments in contemporary Western political theory. In brief, Western thinkers not only have a great deal to learn about Buddhism, they have a great deal to learn from it. To both incite and facilitate the process of Western theorists engaging with this neglected tradition, this book provides a detailed, critical reading of the key primary Buddhist texts, from the earliest recorded teachings of the Buddha through the present day. It also discusses the relevant secondary literature on Buddhism and political theory (nearly all of it from disciplines other than political theory), as well as the literatures on particular issues addressed in the argument.
Moore argues that Buddhist political thought rests on three core premises--that there is no self, that politics is of very limited importance in human life, and that normative beliefs and judgments represent practical advice about how to live a certain way, rather than being obligatory commands about how all persons must act. He compares Buddhist political theory to what he sees as Western analogues--Nietzsche's similar but crucially different theory of the self, Western theories of limited citizenship from Epicurus to John Howard Yoder, and to the Western tradition of immanence theories in ethics. This will be the first comprehensive treatment of Buddhism as political theory.
"Abortion as Genocide: Race, Agency, and Nation in Prenatal Nondiscrimination Bans," Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 41, no. 3 (2016).
"The Politics of Homelessness in the United States," Oxford Handbooks Online. (2016).
"It's Always With You, That You're Different': Undocumented Students and Social Exclusion," Journal of Poverty, 20:2, 168-193. (2016). DOI: 10.1080/10875549.2015.1094766.
California Air Resources Board – Participation, commitment and dynamics – Lessons from an interdisciplinary graduate education program. In Patrick C. Hughes, Juan S. Munoz and Marcus N. Tanner (eds.) Perspectives in interdisciplinary and integrative studies. Texas Tech University Press.
Lowham, Elizabeth with Schilla, Annalisa
Governed through Choice: Autonomy, Technology, and the Politics of Reproduction (New York: New York University Press, 2015).
"School Resources and Student Outcomes in Kentucky Public High Schools."
The Commonwealth Review of Political Science (forthcoming).
Battle, Martin, and James Clinger.
In Defense of Plural Marriage
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015
Den Otter, Ronald
With over half of Americans now in favor of marriage equality, it is clear that societal norms of marriage are being quickly redefined. The growing belief that the state may not discriminate against gays and lesbians calls into question whether the state may limit other types of marital unions, including plural marriage. While much has been written about same-sex marriage, as of yet there has been no book-length legal treatment of unions among three or more individuals.
The first major study on plural marriage and the law, In Defense of Plural Marriage begins to fill this lacuna in the scholarly literature. Ronald C. Den Otter shows how the constitutional arguments that support the option of plural marriage are stronger than those against. Ultimately, he proposes a new semi-contractual marital model that would provide legal recognition for a wide range of intimate relationships.
Hybrid Rule and State Formation:
Public-Private Power in the Twenty-First Century
New York and London: Routledge, May 2015
Hurt, Shelley, and Ronnie D. Lipschutz
Neoliberalism has been the reigning ideology of our era. For the past four decades, almost every real-world event of any consequence has been traced to the supposedly omnipresent influence of neoliberalism. Instead, this book argues that states across the world have actually grown in scope and reach.
The authors in this volume contest the view that the past three decades have been marked by the diminution of the state in the face of neoliberalism. They argue instead that we are witnessing a new phase of state formation, which revolves around hybrid rule—that is, a more expansive form of state formation that works through privatization and seeks pacification and depoliticization as instrumental to enhancing state power. Contributors argue that that the process of hybridization, and hybrid rule point towards a convergence on a more authoritarian capitalist regime type, possibly, but not necessarily, more closely aligned with the Beijing model—one toward which even the United States, with its penchant for surveillance and discipline, appears to be moving.
This volume will shed new light on evolving public-private relations, and the changing nature of power and political authority in the 21st century and will be of interest to students and scholars of IPE, international relations and political theory.
“’It’s Always With You, That You’re Different’: Undocumented Students and Social Exclusion,”
Journal of Poverty (forthcoming)
Williams, Jean C.
"When the Hurly-Burly's Done, of Battles Lost and Won: How a Hybrid Program of Study Emerged from the Toil and Trouble of Stirring Liberal Arts into an Engineering Cauldron at a Public Polytechnic."
Engineering Studies 6.2 (2014): 108-29.
Gillette, David D., Lowham, Elizabeth and Haungs, Michael
"Third Wave Feminism and Emerging Adult Sexuality: Friends with Benefits Relationships,"
Sexuality and Culture 19.1 (2014): 151-171.
Williams, Jean C., and Jasna Jovanovic.
"The Calculus of Consensus Democracy: Rethinking Patterns of Democracy Without Veto Players"
Comparative Political Studies, July 2013 vol. 46 no. 7 823-850
Latner, Michael with McGann, Anthony
Book chapter: "Incentives for collaboration: State-level brownfield remediation and redevelopment programs,"
in Richard C. Hula, Laura A. Reese and Cynthia Jackson-Elmoore, eds.,
Reclaiming Brownfields: A Comparative Analysis of Adaptive Reuse of Contaminated Properties(London: Ashgate, 2012).
The environmental legacy of past industrial and agricultural development can simultaneously pose serious threats to human health and impede reuse of contaminated land. The urban landscape around the world is littered with sites contaminated with a variety of toxins produced by past use. Both public and private sector actors are often reluctant to make significant investments in properties that simultaneously pose significant potential human health issues, and may demand complex and very expensive cleanups. The chapters in this volume recognize that land and water contamination are now almost universally acknowledged to be key social, economic, and political issues. How multiple societies have attempted to craft and implement public policy to deal with these issues provides the central focus of the book. The volume is unique in that it provides a global comparative perspective on brownfield policy and examples of its use in a variety of countries.
Agenda Setting in the U.S. Senate
Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (May 16, 2011)
Den Hartog, Chris, Dr. Nathan W. Monroe
This book proposes a new theory of Senate agenda setting that reconciles a divide in literature between the conventional wisdom - in which party power is thought to be mostly, if not completely, undermined by Senate procedures and norms - and the apparent partisan bias in Senate decisions noted in recent empirical studies. Chris Den Hartog and Nathan W. Monroe's theory revolves around a "costly consideration" framework for thinking about agenda setting, where moving proposals forward through the legislative process is seen as requiring scarce resources. To establish that the majority party pays lower agenda consideration costs through various procedural advantages, the book features a number of chapters examining partisan influence at several stages of the legislative process, including committee reports, filibusters and cloture, floor scheduling, and floor amendments. Not only do the results strongly support the book's theoretical assumption and key hypotheses, but they shed new light on virtually every major step in the Senate's legislative process.
Book chapter: "The Military's Hidden Hand: Examining the Dual-Use Origins of Biotechnology in the American Context, 1969-1972,"
in Fred Block and Matthew Keller, eds., State of Innovation: The U.S. Government's Role in Technology Development (Boulder: Paradigm Publishers, 2011): 31-56.
Hurt, Shelley L.
Since the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980, American politics has been dominated by the idea that free markets are the most effective way to organize economic activity. Private firms, disciplined by the competitive rigors of the market, are forced to innovate, adapt, and become more efficient in order to outpace rivals, continuously satisfy consumers, and meet new demands. Government, in this view, is the problem : regulation, taxation, and policy interventions disrupt open competition, stifle innovation, and breed inefficiency. But the dirty secret behind the façade of the Washington consensus is that over the last four decades, government programs and policies have quietly become ever more central to the American economy. From basic research to commercialization, the fingerprints of government can be found in virtually every major industrial success story of the late 20th and early 21st century. This volume provides the first comprehensive account of the depth, magnitude, and structure of the U.S. government s role in the innovation economy. A cross-disciplinary group of authors collectively document, theorize, and evaluate the decentralized set of agencies, programs, and policies at the core of the collaborative linkages between public agencies and the private industries at the forefront of the U.S. economy. Equally important, as the U.S. seeks to recover from the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, the volume addresses issues critical to the construction of newly responsible, forward-looking public policies: how can we forge an innovation policy that is at once flexible, effective and efficient, as well as transparent and accountable?
"Mapping the Consequences of Electoral Reform"
California Journal of Politics and Policy. Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages –, ISSN (Online) 1944-4370, DOI: 10.2202/1944-4370.1152, July 2011
Latner, Michael with Kyle Roach
PR Proposal For California: Interview with Michael Latner by Krist Novoselic
The Center for Voting and Democracy, October 26, 2011
The Other World (9th Edition)
Longman; 9th Edition, 2010
Arceneaux, Craig D., Evens, Emmit, Long, Dianne
Accessible and interdisciplinary, this text offers political, economic, social, and historical analysis plus case studies on Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Middle East, Central Asia and the Southern Near Abroad, and Asia. Highlighting similarities and differences among these regions and focusing on enduring problems, The Other World is a practical look at the issues affecting the majority of the world’s population.
"Political Theory Today: Results of a National Survey"
PS: Political Science & Politics, Volume 43, Issue 02, April 2010
Judicial Review in an Age of Moral Pluralism
Cambridge University Press, 2009
Den Otter, Ronald
Americans cannot live with judicial review, but they cannot live without it. There is something characteristically American about turning the most divisive political questions - like freedom of religion, same-sex marriage, affirmative action, and abortion - into legal questions with the hope that courts can answer them. In Judicial Review in an Age of Moral Pluralism Ronald C. Den Otter addresses how judicial review can be improved to strike the appropriate balance between legislative and judicial power under conditions of moral pluralism. His defense of judicial review is predicated on the imperative of ensuring that the reasons that the state offers on behalf of its most important laws are consistent with the freedom and equality of all persons. Den Otter ties this defense to a theory of constitutional adjudication based on John Rawls's idea of public reason and argues that a law that is not sufficiently publicly justified is unconstitutional, thus addressing when courts should invalidate laws and when they should uphold them even in the midst of reasonable disagreement about the correct outcome in particular constitutional controversies.
Shaping German Foreign Policy: History, Memory and National Interest
First Forum Press; Lynne Rienner, 2008
Reconciling the imperatives of Germany s national identity and its national interest has been a challenge for the country s policymakers since the end of the Cold War. Anika Leithner explores how (and how much) the past continues to shape Germany s foreign policy behavior in the first decade of the twenty-first century.
Leithner argues that, while German foreign policy is still heavily influenced by the memory of World War II, the exact nature of that memory is slowly changing as the lessons of history are being reinterpreted. Focusing on the military interventions in Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq, she deftly illustrates the ways in which the lessons of history have been manipulated in the pursuit of an assertive foreign policy one that can appease audiences at home while securing a leadership role for Germany in Europe and beyond.
The Politics of Virginity: Abstinence in Sex Education
Abstinence is currently taught as the only form of sex education in a third of public schools. Although most Americans oppose federal funding for abstinence-only education, the federal government has spent more than $1 billion on Title V and community-group programs that promote abstinence before marriage as the sole healthy and moral choice. Studies show that students in abstinence-only programs are no more likely to abstain from sex than their peers who are in comprehensive sex education programs. Moreover, argue Doan and Williams, abstinence-only programs perpetuate gender stereotypes that disproportionately constrain women, retail medical disinformation, and violate the separation of church and state.
Doan and Williams detail what abstinence programs teach students, expose the political and religious agendas behind them, and analyze the damaging effects to women of the resurrection of the chastity belt: including sexual disempowerment, distorted power dynamics in relationships, increased vulnerability to sexual assault, increased emotional vulnerability, increased risk of unintended pregnancy, and STD/HIV infection. By focusing on the marriage of morality politics with gender politics and of ignorance with chastity that underlies abstinence-only education, the authors fill a major gap in the literature of reproductive politics and policy.
Transforming Latin America: The International And Domestic Origins Of Change
University of Pittsburgh Press 2005
Arceneaux, Craig D. and Pion-Berlin, David
This ambitious book offers a clear and unified framework for understanding political change across Latin America. The impact of U.S. hegemony and the global economic system on the region is widely known, and scholars and advocates alike point to Latin America’s vulnerability in the face of external forces. In spite of such foreign pressure, however, individual countries continue to chart their own courses, displaying considerable variation in political and economic life.
Looking broadly across the Western Hemisphere, with examples from Brazil, the Southern Cone, the Andes, and Central America, Arceneaux and Pion-Berlin identify general rules that explain how international and domestic politics interact in specific contexts. The detailed, accessible case studies cast new light on such central problems as neoliberal economic reform, democratization, human rights, regional security, environmental degradation, drug trafficking, and immigration. And they consider not only what actors, institutions, and ideas matter in particular political contexts, but when, where, and how they matter. By dividing issues into the domains of "high" and "low" politics, and differentiating between short-term problems and more permanent concerns, they create an innovative typology for analyzing a wide variety of political events and trends.
Geographical representation under proportional representation: The cases of Israel and the Netherlands
Electoral Studies,Volume 24, Issue 4, December 2005, Pages 709–734
Latner, Michael and McGann, Anthony
A Roof over My Head: Homeless Women and The Shelter Industry
University Press of Colorado, 2003
Based upon extensive ethnographic data,A Roof Over My Head examines the lives of homeless women who often care for children and live in small shelters and transitional living centers. Previous literature on homelessness has focused on those living literally on the streets or in large armory-style shelters. As William maintains, such studies often overlook those homeless women - many with children - who live in small shelters and transitional living centers.
The author draws upon interviews with homeless women, interviews with housed people, and, finally, evaluations of shelter services, philosophies, and policies to get at the causes and social construction of homelessness. A Roof Over My Head is a ground-breaking study that unveils the centrality of abuse and poverty in homeless women's lives and outlines ways in which societal responses can and should be more effective.
Bounded Missions: Military Regimes and Democratization in the Southern Cone and Brazil
Pennsylvania State Univ, 2002
Arceneaux, Craig D.
Scholars of Latin American politics have been challenged to account for the varied outcomes of the transitions from authoritarian to democratic government that have occurred in many countries south of the border during the past two decades. What explains why some transitions were relatively smooth, with the military firmly in control of the process, while others witnessed substantial concessions by the military to civilian leaders, or even total military collapse? Rather than focus on causes external to the military, such as the previous legacy of democratic rule, severe economic crisis, or social protest, as other scholars have done, Craig Arceneaux draws attention to the important variables internal to the military, such as its unity or ability to coordinate strategy. Using this "historical-institutionalist" approach, he compares five different transitions in Brazil and three countries of the Southern Cone—Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay—to show what similarities and differences existed and how the differences may be attributed to variations in the internal institutional structure and operation of the military.